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The epic showdown of Godzilla vs. Kong

Production VFX Supervisor John “D.J.” Des Jardin, MPC VFX Supervisor Pier Lefebvre and MPC Animation Supervisor Michael Langford led MPC Film’s VFX team to craft 177 shots for the “Downtown Battle” sequence in Godzilla Vs. Kong.

VFX artists from MPC Film’s Montreal, Bangalore and London studios worked together to achieve the epic clash between the two titans in Downtown Hong Kong.

Adam Wingard
Warner Bros
Pier Lefebvre

MPC Visualization, based at the Culver City studio, Los Angeles, worked on all fronts of the visualization process for the Hong Kong sequence, from previsualization through to postvisualization. The team worked closely with the Director while traveling from Vancouver, on location in Hawaii, Australia and back to the studio in Los Angeles. Previsualization Supervisor, Kyle Robinson, lead the charge with his team of asset builders and sequence artists, stating that “with the guidance and leadership of VFX Supervisor DJ Desjardin the MPC team and I were able to help bring this film to exciting building smashing life”.

In the preliminary stages, MPC were delivered concept art of King Kong and Godzilla towering amongst the pink, cyan and orange city lights of Hong Kong, saturated in a blue haze. Famous for its vibrant night-time scenes of neon signage, laser shows and enormous LED screens, it was important to encompass an authentic representation of Hong Kong’s cityscape.

Both the previsualization and postvisualization teams helped to solve many of the creative challenges faced in this pivotal sequence. The work carried out within pre-production helped set up the successful production on set as well as when moving into post-production. The creative collaboration that began in pre-production shows clear visual links to the final cut of the film.

A primary focus for MPC’s team was to re-create the specific lighting concept. Numerous conversations were in motion with Director Adam Wingard throughout the process regarding the color scheme of the city’s neon lighting. Additionally, it was important to demonstrate the scale of Kong and Godzilla, along with the realism of the CG city.

As well as developing the dynamic depiction of Hong Kong, the team ensured these striking colours accurately lit the characters throughout the fast paced and highly destructive clash. What starts as a hazed and colourful low key set is artfully pummeled into a fiery hell-scape.

The introduction of a new proprietary software tool named Populate HK (Hong Kong) technology was created for Godzilla Vs Kong. This was a script, based on PACS, built by MPC Film CG Supervisor, Joan Panis to help push the main environment build of the city into all shots. Populate HK meant that any updates that were undertaken in the main environment build, could be easily integrated into new shots. This included reading any changes made to shots by the animation team. Populate HK would read the base environment and the amended animation and prepare the city for render. The script also held the capabilities to ensure that the shots were populated based on what sections of the city were visible, making them less heavy to render.

The “Downtown Battle” was a particularly challenging sequence as the majority of shots were full CG and include a great deal of complex destruction FX. Continuity across the sequence was a key focus to assure that previously destroyed buildings remained in their fragmented appearance, as well as the shattered neon lights flickering among the mass destruction. CG Supervisor, Timucin Ozger, created an automated Houdini destruction workflow scene, which could also render the outputs with Neons as the light sources in Mantra Renderer. This workflow created similar outputs to those the Lighting department would render. This helped to avoid surprises of different looks between departments and keep consistency. MPC also upgraded their Parallax Shader to make the skyscrapers look photorealistic. The new shader could merge windows into the offices and create Parallax Rooms that actually looked like offices, not limited to single rooms.

The animation team’s main challenge was to create a fierce and dynamic battle which not only emphasized the scale of the titans, but also showed the emotion of the fight in their faces. The animators had fun acting out the battle and choreographing how Kong and Godzilla might fight, and then reinterpreting that performance into the key-frame animation. An additional challenge was to create a loving and non-threatening interaction between Kong and Jia, despite Kong’s monstrous size and intimidating appearance. It was essential to get the perfect emotion and expression on Kong’s face to sell his feelings without words.

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